Difference between revisions of "Serprog"

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| master
 
| master
| Arduino uno
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* Arduino uno
 
| -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000
 
| -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000
 
| reliability issues(flashrom blocks waiting for data from the arduino indefinitely) with the code that is in the 8u2/16u2 beeing investigated...
 
| reliability issues(flashrom blocks waiting for data from the arduino indefinitely) with the code that is in the 8u2/16u2 beeing investigated...
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ftdi
 
| ftdi
| Arduino Duemilanove
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* Arduino Duemilanove
 
| -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyUSB0:2000000
 
| -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyUSB0:2000000
 
| Works flawlessly
 
| Works flawlessly

Revision as of 18:02, 29 June 2012

This page is a first draft only and serves to collect information about the serprog protocol and the programmers implementing it.

Protocol

See serprog-protocol.txt in the source tree. It is designed to be compact and allow efficient storage in limited memory of programmer devices.

There is a draft for an extension of the serprog protocol to SPI. FIXME: Link there.

Note that beside the really mandatory serprog commands, if you also implement the O_SPIOP command correctly, it should be enough for flashrom from svn to work correctly.

Hardware

AVR flasher by Urja Rannikko

Prototype RS232 AVR parallel flash programmer

The Prototype RS232 AVR parallel flash programmer Urja Rannikko was the first implementation of the serprog protocol.

FIXME: AVR source code is somewhere in the coreboot mailing list archives...

AVR flasher by eightdot

FIXME: Link?

Arduino Mega flasher by fritz

[1] [2] [3] FIXME: More info?

Arduino flasher by GNUtoo

This flasher require the following hardware parts:

  • An arduino uno or an arduino Duemilanove(way faster) and its usb cable
  • some wires(optionally some connectors to solder on(for easier plugin and more reliability)
  • a 10k resistor
  • A flash chip with the following characteristics:
    • supported by flashrom
    • SPI
    • 3.3v or 5v(the arduino has a 3.3v and a 5v output, only 3.3v was tested...)

Pictures

Building

Left pins of the BIOS chip:
--------------------------------------------------------
[pin1 of the bios chip] /CS<->10k resistor<->VCC 

[pin1 of the bios chip] /CS<->Arduino pin10(SS, PORTB2)
[pin2 of the bios chip] DO<->Arduino pin12(MISO, PORTB4)
[pin3 of the bios chip] /WP<->VCC
[pin4 of the bios chip] GND<->GND on the power pins

Right pins of the BIOS chip:
--------------------------------------------------------
[pin8 of the bios chip] VCC<->+3.3V on the power pins of the Arduino
[pin7 of the bios chip] /HOLD<->VCC
[pin6 of the bios chip] CLK<->Arduino pin13(SCK, PORTB5)
[pin5 of the bios chip] DIO<->Arduino pin11(MOSI, PORTB3)

The Bios chip used is a W25X80. 
The Arduino is an arduino uno.

Software

Settings

git branch Compatible Arduino version flashrom arguments Comments
master
  • Arduino uno
-p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000 reliability issues(flashrom blocks waiting for data from the arduino indefinitely) with the code that is in the 8u2/16u2 beeing investigated...
ftdi
  • Arduino Duemilanove
-p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyUSB0:2000000 Works flawlessly

Performances

# time flashrom -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000 -r coreboot.rom
flashrom v0.9.5.2-r1541 on Linux 2.6.38-14-generic (x86_64)
flashrom is free software, get the source code at http://www.flashrom.org

Calibrating delay loop... OK.
serprog: Programmer name is "serprog-duino"
Found Winbond flash chip "W25X80" (1024 kB, SPI) on serprog.
Reading flash... done.

real	0m16.602s
user	0m0.930s
sys	0m0.000s
# time flashrom -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000 -w build/coreboot.rom
flashrom v0.9.5.2-r1541 on Linux 2.6.38-14-generic (x86_64)
flashrom is free software, get the source code at http://www.flashrom.org

Calibrating delay loop... OK.
serprog: Programmer name is "serprog-duino"
Found Winbond flash chip "W25X80" (1024 kB, SPI) on serprog.
Reading old flash chip contents... done.
Erasing and writing flash chip... Erase/write done.
Verifying flash... VERIFIED.          

real	0m39.548s
user	0m2.650s
sys	0m0.000s

Required software

To make it work you need:

Building the software

$ svn co svn://flashrom.org/flashrom/trunk flashrom
$ cd flashrom && make
$ cd ../
$ git clone git://gitorious.org/gnutoo-personal-arduino-projects/serprog-duino.git
$ cd serprog-duino && make && make upload

Running flashrom

./flashrom -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000

Advantages and disadvantages

  • The speed isn't that great(about 3 minutes for reading+writing+verifying a 1M chip)
  • The speed is now much better thanks to a patch by Sebastian Parborg.
  • it is made of very commonly available parts(if you can find an arduino uno, you will be able to build it).

InSystemFlasher by Juhana Helovuo

This is one uses a modified serprog version to talk to SPI devices via serial over USB. Details can be found in the coreboot wiki and in this coreboot mailing list thread.

atmegaXXu2-flasher by Stefan Tauner

Like the InSystemFlasher this one uses LUFA on an AVR microcontroller to tunnel the serial data over USB. To be updated when flashrom's serprog module has the needed changes merged to do SPI communication.

atmegaXXu2-flasher with Pomona SOIC hook attached