Difference between revisions of "Serprog"

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(Improved 3.3v version by Simon Inns (no issue anymore with laptop chips))
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== atmegaXXu2-flasher by Stefan Tauner ==
 
== atmegaXXu2-flasher by Stefan Tauner ==
 
Like the InSystemFlasher this one uses LUFA on an AVR microcontroller to tunnel the serial data over USB.
 
Like the InSystemFlasher this one uses LUFA on an AVR microcontroller to tunnel the serial data over USB.
[[File:atmegaXXu2-flasher.jpg|200px|thumb|right|atmegaXXu2-flasher with Pomona SOIC hook attached]]
+
[[File:atmegaXXu2-flasher.jpg|thumb|right|atmegaXXu2-flasher with Pomona SOIC hook attached]]
 +
 
  
 
== Arduino flasher by GNUtoo ==
 
== Arduino flasher by GNUtoo ==
  
<div class="boilerplate" style="background-color: red; margin: 2em 0 0 0; padding: 0 10px 0 10px; border: 1px dotted #aaa;">'''WARNING,if you don't add the resistors, the SPI levels are at 5V, while I tried it with 3.3V chip and that it worked(but DIO was at 4.3v which was over the maximum of 4v, during all the time that the chip was connected to the programmer), it may not work for you and break the chip...'''</div>
+
For detailed instructions on how to use different Arduino models to access SPI flash chips see [[Arduino flasher]].
 
+
[[File:Serprog_0001.jpeg|thumb|right|Arduino Uno connected using a breadboard]]
This flasher require the following hardware parts:
 
* An arduino uno or an arduino Duemilanove(way faster) and its usb cable
 
* some wires(optionally some connectors to solder on(for easier plugin and more reliability)
 
* <s>a 10k resistor</s>
 
* 3 x 10k resistors (for the 3.3v version)
 
* 3 x 15k resistors (for the 3.3v version)
 
* A flash chip with the following characteristics:
 
** supported by flashrom
 
** SPI
 
** 3.3v or 5v(the arduino has a 3.3v and a 5v output, only 3.3v was tested...)
 
 
 
=== Pictures (With the 5V SPI levels issue) ===
 
<gallery caption="Pictures " widths="250px" heights="250px" perrow="4">
 
File:Serprog_0001.jpeg
 
File:Serprog_0002.jpeg
 
File:Serprog_0003.jpeg
 
File:Serprog_0004.jpeg
 
File:Serprog_0005.jpeg
 
File:Serprog_0006.jpeg
 
File:Serduino_laptop.jpeg| Because of the long cables flashrom had to retry once before reflashing the BIOS but at the end it worked. So don't use cables that are that long...
 
File:W1qtO.jpg| Setup by Sebastian Parborg (DarkDefender)
 
File:Arduino_topview_noresistor.jpeg| It now seem to also work without resistor...
 
File:Serduino fritzing.jpg| [[File:Serduino.fzz.zip]]
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
=== Building (With the 5V SPI levels issue) ===
 
 
 
Left pins of the BIOS chip:
 
--------------------------------------------------------
 
[pin1 of the bios chip] /CS<->10k resistor<->VCC
 
 
[pin1 of the bios chip] /CS<->Arduino pin10(SS, PORTB2)
 
[pin2 of the bios chip] DO<->Arduino pin12(MISO, PORTB4)
 
[pin3 of the bios chip] /WP<->VCC
 
[pin4 of the bios chip] GND<->GND on the power pins
 
 
Right pins of the BIOS chip:
 
--------------------------------------------------------
 
[pin8 of the bios chip] VCC<->+3.3V on the power pins of the Arduino
 
[pin7 of the bios chip] /HOLD<->VCC
 
[pin6 of the bios chip] CLK<->Arduino pin13(SCK, PORTB5)
 
[pin5 of the bios chip] DIO<->Arduino pin11(MOSI, PORTB3)
 
 
The Bios chip used is a W25X80.
 
The Arduino is an arduino uno.
 
 
 
=== Pictures (With the 3.3V SPI levels) ===
 
<div class="boilerplate" style="background-color: red; margin: 2em 0 0 0; padding: 0 10px 0 10px; border: 1px dotted #aaa;">'''WARNING''', I was told that by Simon Inns by mail: "The 3V3 fritzing example on the Wiki (the diagram of the breadboard) is quite wrong... The 3V3 output from the Uno is shorted to GND and the CLK and DI pins of the EEPROM are connected together after the 10K resistors.  Might be a good idea to fix it before you get "You broke my Uno" emails ;)"</div>
 
 
 
<gallery caption="Pictures " widths="250px" heights="250px" perrow="4">
 
File:Serduino-v2_bb.jpg
 
File:Serprogduino_v2.jpeg
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
=== Improved 3.3v version by Simon Inns (no issue anymore with laptop chips) ===
 
<gallery widths="250px" heights="250px" perrow="4">
 
File:Uno BIOS Flasher 2.png | [[File:Uno_BIOS_Flasher2_EagleCad.zip|Schematics]]
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
=== Software ===
 
==== Settings ====
 
{| class="wikitable"  border="1"
 
!git branch
 
!Compatible Arduino version
 
!flashrom arguments
 
!Comments
 
|-
 
| master
 
|
 
* Arduino uno
 
| -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000
 
|
 
* reliability issues (flashrom blocks waiting for data from the arduino indefinitely) with the code that is in the 8u2/16u2 beeing investigated...
 
|-
 
| ftdi
 
|
 
* Arduino Duemilanove
 
* Arduino uno with an external FTDI serial<->usb adapter or any other kind of adapter capable of 2000000 bps
 
| -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyUSB0:2000000
 
|
 
* Works flawlessly
 
* Very fast
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
==== Performances ====
 
# time flashrom -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000 -r coreboot.rom
 
flashrom v0.9.5.2-r1541 on Linux 2.6.38-14-generic (x86_64)
 
flashrom is free software, get the source code at http://www.flashrom.org
 
 
Calibrating delay loop... OK.
 
serprog: Programmer name is "serprog-duino"
 
Found Winbond flash chip "W25X80" (1024 kB, SPI) on serprog.
 
Reading flash... done.
 
 
real 0m16.602s
 
user 0m0.930s
 
sys 0m0.000s
 
 
 
# time flashrom -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000 -w build/coreboot.rom
 
flashrom v0.9.5.2-r1541 on Linux 2.6.38-14-generic (x86_64)
 
flashrom is free software, get the source code at http://www.flashrom.org
 
 
Calibrating delay loop... OK.
 
serprog: Programmer name is "serprog-duino"
 
Found Winbond flash chip "W25X80" (1024 kB, SPI) on serprog.
 
Reading old flash chip contents... done.
 
Erasing and writing flash chip... Erase/write done.
 
Verifying flash... VERIFIED.         
 
 
real 0m39.548s
 
user 0m2.650s
 
sys 0m0.000s
 
 
 
==== Required software ====
 
To make it work you need:
 
* flashrom from svn
 
* [https://gitorious.org/gnutoo-personal-arduino-projects/serprog-duino serprog-duino which runs on the arduino]
 
* The avr toolchain(avr-gcc, avr-libc,make etc...)
 
==== Building the software ====
 
$ svn co svn://flashrom.org/flashrom/trunk flashrom
 
$ cd flashrom && make
 
$ cd ../
 
$ git clone git://gitorious.org/gnutoo-personal-arduino-projects/serprog-duino.git
 
$ cd serprog-duino && make && make upload
 
 
 
==== Running flashrom ====
 
./flashrom -p serprog:dev=/dev/ttyACM0:2000000
 
 
 
=== Chips ===
 
* SST25VF016B => huge issues, not recognized by the 3.3v version, had to use the 5v version which is over maximum allowed voltage, also had to lower the serial speed to 115200, ultra slow to write(seem related to the chip itself, since that with the openmoko programmer it's even slower...)...
 
* W25X80 works well in 3.3v mode(5v works also but it's highly not advised to use 5v)
 
  
=== Advantages and disadvantages ===
+
== serprog-stm32vcp by Chi Zhang ==
* <s>The speed isn't that great(about 3 minutes for reading+writing+verifying a 1M chip)</s>
 
* The speed is now much better thanks to a patch by Sebastian Parborg.
 
* it is made of very commonly available parts(if you can find an arduino uno, you will be able to build it).
 
* <s>Voltage issues( SPI levels are at 5v, it's problematic for flashing 3.3v chips...)</s>
 
  
=== TODO ===
+
The most powerful serprog-based programmer is built upon an ARM Cortex-M3 (STM32F103) featuring up to 36 MHz SPI clock.
* <s>Find a way to lower the voltage to 3.3v</s>
+
See [http://github.com/dword1511/serprog-stm32vcp#serprog-stm32vcp his github page] for further details, source code etc.
* Fix the arduino UNO speed and reliability issues
+
[[File:Serprog-stm32vcp.jpg|thumb|right|serprog-stm32vcp]]

Revision as of 13:19, 20 April 2013

This page is a first draft only and serves to collect information about the serprog protocol and the programmers implementing it.

Protocol

See serprog-protocol.txt in the source tree. It is designed to be compact and allow efficient storage in limited memory of programmer devices.

Hardware

AVR flasher by Urja Rannikko

Prototype RS232 AVR parallel flash programmer

The Prototype RS232 AVR parallel flash programmer Urja Rannikko was the first implementation of the serprog protocol.

FIXME: AVR source code is somewhere in the coreboot mailing list archives...

AVR flasher by eightdot

FIXME: Link?

Arduino Mega flasher by fritz

[1] [2] [3] FIXME: More info?

InSystemFlasher by Juhana Helovuo

This is one talks to SPI devices via serial over USB. Details can be found in the coreboot wiki and in this coreboot mailing list thread.

atmegaXXu2-flasher by Stefan Tauner

Like the InSystemFlasher this one uses LUFA on an AVR microcontroller to tunnel the serial data over USB.

atmegaXXu2-flasher with Pomona SOIC hook attached


Arduino flasher by GNUtoo

For detailed instructions on how to use different Arduino models to access SPI flash chips see Arduino flasher.

Arduino Uno connected using a breadboard

serprog-stm32vcp by Chi Zhang

The most powerful serprog-based programmer is built upon an ARM Cortex-M3 (STM32F103) featuring up to 36 MHz SPI clock. See his github page for further details, source code etc.

serprog-stm32vcp